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Viet Nam

Harm

Tobacco harms the health, the treasury, and the spirit of Viet Nam. Every year more than 72800 of it's people are killed by tobacco-caused disease, while more than 120000 children and more than 14769000 adults continue to use tobacco each day. Complacency in the face of the tobacco epidemic will ensure the tobacco industry continues to run roughshod over the lives of Viet Nam's citizens and ensure that tobacco's death toll will grow with each passing year. Tobacco control advocates must reach out to other communities to strengthen their efforts in this mortal fight.

Deaths

% caused by tobacco: 2010

22% of Men

More men die in Viet Nam than on average in middle-income countries.

9.5% of Women

More women die in Viet Nam than on average in middle-income countries.

Tobacco use also...

Harms Development

Buying tobacco robs families of the resources they need to rise out of poverty. A smoker in Viet Nam would have to spend 2.1% the of national median income to purchase 10 of the cheapest cigarettes to smoke each day!

Harms Environment

Cigarette butts are the most commonly discarded piece of waste worldwide. It is estimated that 1.69 billion pounds of butts wind up as toxic trash, which is roughly equivalent to the weight of 177,895 endangered African elephants.

Harms Equality

To find more customers, the tobacco industry markets its products aggressively to women and children.

Harms NCDs

People living with mental illness are nearly twice as likely to smoke as other persons.

Industry

The combined revenues of the world's 6 largest tobacco companies in 2013 was USD342 Billion, 54% larger than the Gross National Income of Viet Nam. The industry is a powerful force that does not fear the actions of nation-states because their resources are often much larger.

Market

Adult Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

41.2%of Men

More men smoke in Viet Nam than on average in middle-income countries.

1.6%of Female

Even though fewer women smoke on average in Viet Nam than on average in middle-income countries, still 569300 women still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Children Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

5.9%of Boys

Even though fewer boys smoke on average in Viet Nam than on average in middle-income countries, still 100800 boys still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

1.2%of Girls

Even though fewer girls smoke on average in Viet Nam than on average in middle-income countries, still 19300 girls still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Smokeless% currently using tobacco, 2013 or most recent

1.3%of Adults

Even though fewer people use smokless tobacco on average in Viet Nam than on average in middle-income countries, still 890100 people currently use smokeless tobacco, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Solutions

Tobacco control policy is an excellent investment in the health of a country's population. According to the WHO, for less than 700 đồng per person per year Viet Nam will be able to pay for the four 'best buys' in tobacco control policy, raising tobacco excise taxes, enforcing a comprehensive national smoke-free law and a ban on tobacco advertising and promotion, and mandating large graphic warning labels appear on tobacco product packaging. This small investment will reap enormous dividends in health and prosperity.

Current Policy in Viet Nam

Protect From Smoke

Smokefree HealthCare FacilitiesYes
Smokefree UniversitiesYes
Smokefree Government FacilitiesYes
Smokefree Indoor OfficesYes
Smokefree RestaurantsYes
Smokefree Pubs and BarsNo
Smokefree Public TransportNo
All Other Indoor Public Places Smokefreen/a
Funds for Smokefree EnforcementYes

Offer Help

Quitting SolutionsNRT and/or some cessation services (neither cost-covered)
National QuitlineNo

Warn about the dangers to tobacco users on product packaging

Type of Warning Labels

Australia(best practice)

Graphic

Viet Nam

Graphic

Percent of Pack Covered

Australia(best practice)

83%

Viet Nam

50%

Graphic Warning Rounds

Australia(best practice)

2

Viet Nam

1

Has Plain/Standardized Packaging

Australia(best practice)

Yes

Viet Nam

No

Warn about the dangers to whole population in a media campaign

Ran a national anti-tobacco campaign during 2011 and 2012

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Viet Nam

Yes

Part Of A Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Viet Nam

Yes

Pre-Tested With The Target Audience

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Viet Nam

Yes

Target Audience Research Was Conducted

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Viet Nam

Yes

Aired On Television And/Or Radio

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Viet Nam

Yes

Utilized Media Planning

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Viet Nam

Yes

Earned Media/Public Relations Were Used To Promote The Campaign

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Viet Nam

Yes

Process Evaluation Was Used To Assess Implementation

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Viet Nam

Yes

Outcome Evaluation Was Used To Assess Effectiveness

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Viet Nam

Yes

Enforce bans on advertising

Number of Bans on Forms of Direct Advertising1 of a possible 7 bans
Number of Bans on Forms of Indirect Advertising7 of a possible 7 bans
Ad Ban Compliance Percent60% self-rated compliance

Raise Taxes

Excise Tax as a % of Cigarette Price

WHO Benchmark

75% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

Viet Nam

33% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

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