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Country Fact Sheet

Uganda

Harm

Tobacco harms the health, the treasury, and the spirit of Uganda. Every year more than 5000 of it's people are killed by tobacco-caused disease, while more than 122000 children and more than 1880000 adults continue to use tobacco each day. Complacency in the face of the tobacco epidemic will ensure the tobacco industry continues to run roughshod over the lives of Uganda's citizens and ensure that tobacco's death toll will grow with each passing year. Tobacco control advocates must reach out to other communities to strengthen their efforts in this mortal fight.

Deaths

% caused by tobacco: 2010

2.5% of Men

Even though fewer men die on average in Uganda than other low-income countries, still 71 men are being killed by tobacco every week, necessitating action from policymakers.

0.9% of Women

Even though fewer women die on average in Uganda than other low-income countries, still 26 women are being killed by tobacco every week, necessitating action from policymakers.

Tobacco use also...

Harms Development

Buying tobacco robs families of the resources they need to rise out of poverty. A smoker in Uganda would have to spend 15.2% the of national median income to purchase 10 of the cheapest cigarettes to smoke each day!

Harms Environment

Cigarette butts are the most commonly discarded piece of waste worldwide. It is estimated that 1.69 billion pounds of butts wind up as toxic trash, which is roughly equivalent to the weight of 177,895 endangered African elephants.

Harms Equality

To find more customers, the tobacco industry markets its products aggressively to women and children.

Harms NCDs

People living with mental illness are nearly twice as likely to smoke as other persons.

Industry

The combined revenues of the world's 6 largest tobacco companies in 2013 was USD342 Billion, 94% larger than the Gross National Income of Uganda. The industry is a powerful force that does not fear the actions of nation-states because their resources are often much larger.

Market

Adult Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

17.4%of Men

Even though fewer men smoke on average in Uganda than on average in low-income countries, still 1686600 men still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

2%of Female

Even though fewer women smoke on average in Uganda than on average in low-income countries, still 193800 women still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Children Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

5%of Boys

Even though fewer boys smoke on average in Uganda than on average in low-income countries, still 63300 boys still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

4.7%of Girls

More girls smoke in Uganda than on average in low-income countries.

Smokeless% currently using tobacco, 2013 or most recent

3.3%of Adults

Even though fewer people use smokless tobacco on average in Uganda than on average in low-income countries, still 608600 people currently use smokeless tobacco, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Solutions

Tobacco control policy is an excellent investment in the health of a country's population. According to the WHO, for less than USh 150 per person per year Uganda will be able to pay for the four 'best buys' in tobacco control policy, raising tobacco excise taxes, enforcing a comprehensive national smoke-free law and a ban on tobacco advertising and promotion, and mandating large graphic warning labels appear on tobacco product packaging. This small investment will reap enormous dividends in health and prosperity.

Current Policy in Uganda

Protect From Smoke

Smokefree HealthCare FacilitiesYes
Smokefree UniversitiesYes
Smokefree Government FacilitiesYes
Smokefree Indoor OfficesYes
Smokefree RestaurantsSeparate Areas
Smokefree Pubs and BarsSeparate Areas
Smokefree Public TransportNo
All Other Indoor Public Places Smokefreen/a
Funds for Smokefree EnforcementNo

Offer Help

Quitting SolutionsNRT and/or some cessation services (at least one of which is cost-covered)
National QuitlineNo

Warn about the dangers to tobacco users on product packaging

Type of Warning Labels

Australia(best practice)

Graphic

Uganda

Text

Percent of Pack Covered

Australia(best practice)

83%

Uganda

30%

Graphic Warning Rounds

Australia(best practice)

2

Uganda

No Data

Has Plain/Standardized Packaging

Australia(best practice)

Yes

Uganda

No

Warn about the dangers to whole population in a media campaign

Ran a national anti-tobacco campaign during 2011 and 2012

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Uganda

No

Part Of A Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Uganda

N/A

Pre-Tested With The Target Audience

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Uganda

N/A

Target Audience Research Was Conducted

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Uganda

N/A

Aired On Television And/Or Radio

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Uganda

N/A

Utilized Media Planning

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Uganda

N/A

Earned Media/Public Relations Were Used To Promote The Campaign

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Uganda

N/A

Process Evaluation Was Used To Assess Implementation

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Uganda

N/A

Outcome Evaluation Was Used To Assess Effectiveness

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Uganda

N/A

Enforce bans on advertising

Number of Bans on Forms of Direct Advertising0 of a possible 7 bans
Number of Bans on Forms of Indirect Advertisingn/a of a possible 7 bans
Ad Ban Compliance Percent0% self-rated compliance

Raise Taxes

Excise Tax as a % of Cigarette Price

WHO Benchmark

75% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

Uganda

25% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

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