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Turkmenistan

Harm

Tobacco harms the health, the treasury, and the spirit of Turkmenistan. Every year more than 4900 of it's people are killed by tobacco-caused disease, while more than 18000 children and more than 728000 adults continue to use tobacco each day. Complacency in the face of the tobacco epidemic will ensure the tobacco industry continues to run roughshod over the lives of Turkmenistan's citizens and ensure that tobacco's death toll will grow with each passing year. Tobacco control advocates must reach out to other communities to strengthen their efforts in this mortal fight.

Deaths

% caused by tobacco: 2010

23.2% of Men

More men die in Turkmenistan than on average in middle-income countries.

6.3% of Women

Even though fewer women die on average in Turkmenistan than other middle-income countries, still 16 women are being killed by tobacco every week, necessitating action from policymakers.

Tobacco use also...

Harms Development

Harms Environment

Cigarette butts are the most commonly discarded piece of waste worldwide. It is estimated that 1.69 billion pounds of butts wind up as toxic trash, which is roughly equivalent to the weight of 177,895 endangered African elephants.

Harms Equality

To find more customers, the tobacco industry markets its products aggressively to women and children.

Harms NCDs

People living with mental illness are nearly twice as likely to smoke as other persons.

Industry

The combined revenues of the world's 6 largest tobacco companies in 2013 was USD342 Billion, 89% larger than the Gross National Income of Turkmenistan. The industry is a powerful force that does not fear the actions of nation-states because their resources are often much larger.

Market

Adult Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

36.8%of Men

More men smoke in Turkmenistan than on average in middle-income countries.

3.1%of Female

Even though fewer women smoke on average in Turkmenistan than on average in middle-income countries, still 58900 women still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Children Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

6.5%of Boys

Even though fewer boys smoke on average in Turkmenistan than on average in middle-income countries, still 16400 boys still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

0.9%of Girls

Even though fewer girls smoke on average in Turkmenistan than on average in middle-income countries, still 2200 girls still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Smokeless% currently using tobacco, 2013 or most recent

12%of Adults

More people use smokeless tobacco in Turkmenistan than on average in middle-income countries.

Solutions

Current Policy in Turkmenistan

Protect From Smoke

Smokefree HealthCare FacilitiesYes
Smokefree UniversitiesYes
Smokefree Government FacilitiesYes
Smokefree Indoor OfficesYes
Smokefree RestaurantsYes
Smokefree Pubs and BarsYes
Smokefree Public TransportYes
All Other Indoor Public Places SmokefreeYes
Funds for Smokefree EnforcementNo

Offer Help

Quitting SolutionsNRT and/or some cessation services (at least one of which is cost-covered)
National QuitlineNo

Warn about the dangers to tobacco users on product packaging

Type of Warning Labels

Australia(best practice)

Graphic

Turkmenistan

Graphic

Percent of Pack Covered

Australia(best practice)

82.5%

Turkmenistan

65%

Graphic Warning Rounds

Australia(best practice)

2

Turkmenistan

No Data

Has Plain/Standardized Packaging

Australia(best practice)

Yes

Turkmenistan

No

Warn about the dangers to whole population in a media campaign

Ran a national anti-tobacco campaign during 2011 and 2012

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Turkmenistan

No Data

Part Of A Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Turkmenistan

N/A

Pre-Tested With The Target Audience

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Turkmenistan

N/A

Target Audience Research Was Conducted

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Turkmenistan

N/A

Aired On Television And/Or Radio

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Turkmenistan

N/A

Utilized Media Planning

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Turkmenistan

N/A

Earned Media/Public Relations Were Used To Promote The Campaign

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Turkmenistan

N/A

Process Evaluation Was Used To Assess Implementation

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Turkmenistan

N/A

Outcome Evaluation Was Used To Assess Effectiveness

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Turkmenistan

N/A

Enforce bans on advertising

Number of Bans on Forms of Direct Advertising7 of a possible 7 bans
Number of Bans on Forms of Indirect Advertising3 of a possible 7 bans
Ad Ban Compliance PercentHigh% self-rated compliance

Raise Taxes

Excise Tax as a % of Cigarette Price

WHO Benchmark

75% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

Turkmenistan

11.84% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

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