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Papua New Guinea

Harm

Tobacco harms the health, the treasury, and the spirit of Papua New Guinea. Every year more than 4600 of it's people are killed by tobacco-caused disease, while more than 191000 children and more than 1658000 adults continue to use tobacco each day. Complacency in the face of the tobacco epidemic will ensure the tobacco industry continues to run roughshod over the lives of Papua New Guinea's citizens and ensure that tobacco's death toll will grow with each passing year. Tobacco control advocates must reach out to other communities to strengthen their efforts in this mortal fight.

Deaths

% caused by tobacco: 2010

8.8% of Men

Even though fewer men die on average in Papua New Guinea than other middle-income countries, still 57 men are being killed by tobacco every week, necessitating action from policymakers.

5.6% of Women

Even though fewer women die on average in Papua New Guinea than other middle-income countries, still 32 women are being killed by tobacco every week, necessitating action from policymakers.

Tobacco use also...

Harms Development

Harms Environment

Cigarette butts are the most commonly discarded piece of waste worldwide. It is estimated that 1.69 billion pounds of butts wind up as toxic trash, which is roughly equivalent to the weight of 177,895 endangered African elephants.

Harms Equality

To find more customers, the tobacco industry markets its products aggressively to women and children.

Harms NCDs

People living with mental illness are nearly twice as likely to smoke as other persons.

Industry

The combined revenues of the world's 6 largest tobacco companies in 2013 was USD342 Billion, 96% larger than the Gross National Income of Papua New Guinea. The industry is a powerful force that does not fear the actions of nation-states because their resources are often much larger.

Market

Adult Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

51.2%of Men

More men smoke in Papua New Guinea than on average in middle-income countries.

21.5%of Female

More women smoke in Papua New Guinea than on average in middle-income countries.

Children Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

52.1%of Boys

More boys smoke in Papua New Guinea than on average in middle-income countries.

35.8%of Girls

More girls smoke in Papua New Guinea than on average in middle-income countries.

Smokeless% currently using tobacco, 2013 or most recent

n/a%of Adults

Because we do not know the prevalence of smokeless tobacco use in Papua New Guinea, future surveillance efforts must measure smokeless tobacco use prevalence in the population to help inform future tobacco control efforts.

Solutions

Tobacco control policy is an excellent investment in the health of a country's population. According to the WHO, for less than 20 toea per person per year Papua New Guinea will be able to pay for the four 'best buys' in tobacco control policy, raising tobacco excise taxes, enforcing a comprehensive national smoke-free law and a ban on tobacco advertising and promotion, and mandating large graphic warning labels appear on tobacco product packaging. This small investment will reap enormous dividends in health and prosperity.

Current Policy in Papua New Guinea

Protect From Smoke

Smokefree HealthCare FacilitiesYes
Smokefree UniversitiesYes
Smokefree Government FacilitiesYes
Smokefree Indoor OfficesYes
Smokefree RestaurantsYes
Smokefree Pubs and BarsYes
Smokefree Public TransportYes
All Other Indoor Public Places SmokefreeNo
Funds for Smokefree EnforcementNo

Offer Help

Quitting SolutionsNRT and/or some cessation services (at least one of which is cost-covered)
National QuitlineNo

Warn about the dangers to tobacco users on product packaging

Type of Warning Labels

Australia(best practice)

Graphic

Papua New Guinea

Text

Percent of Pack Covered

Australia(best practice)

83%

Papua New Guinea

No Data%

Graphic Warning Rounds

Australia(best practice)

2

Papua New Guinea

No Data

Has Plain/Standardized Packaging

Australia(best practice)

Yes

Papua New Guinea

No

Warn about the dangers to whole population in a media campaign

Ran a national anti-tobacco campaign during 2011 and 2012

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Papua New Guinea

No

Part Of A Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Papua New Guinea

N/A

Pre-Tested With The Target Audience

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Papua New Guinea

N/A

Target Audience Research Was Conducted

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Papua New Guinea

N/A

Aired On Television And/Or Radio

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Papua New Guinea

N/A

Utilized Media Planning

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Papua New Guinea

N/A

Earned Media/Public Relations Were Used To Promote The Campaign

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Papua New Guinea

N/A

Process Evaluation Was Used To Assess Implementation

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Papua New Guinea

N/A

Outcome Evaluation Was Used To Assess Effectiveness

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Papua New Guinea

N/A

Enforce bans on advertising

Number of Bans on Forms of Direct Advertising0 of a possible 7 bans
Number of Bans on Forms of Indirect Advertising5 of a possible 7 bans
Ad Ban Compliance Percent0% self-rated compliance

Raise Taxes

Excise Tax as a % of Cigarette Price

WHO Benchmark

75% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

Papua New Guinea

28% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

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