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Nicaragua

Harm

Tobacco harms the health, the treasury, and the spirit of Nicaragua. Every year more than 2100 of it's people are killed by tobacco-caused disease, while more than 25000 children and more than 461000 adults continue to use tobacco each day. Complacency in the face of the tobacco epidemic will ensure the tobacco industry continues to run roughshod over the lives of Nicaragua's citizens and ensure that tobacco's death toll will grow with each passing year. Tobacco control advocates must reach out to other communities to strengthen their efforts in this mortal fight.

Deaths

% caused by tobacco: 2010

11.1% of Men

Even though fewer men die on average in Nicaragua than other middle-income countries, still 31 men are being killed by tobacco every week, necessitating action from policymakers.

5.2% of Women

Even though fewer women die on average in Nicaragua than other middle-income countries, still 10 women are being killed by tobacco every week, necessitating action from policymakers.

Tobacco use also...

Harms Development

Buying tobacco robs families of the resources they need to rise out of poverty. A smoker in Nicaragua would have to spend 6.2% the of national median income to purchase 10 of the cheapest cigarettes to smoke each day!

Harms Environment

Cigarette butts are the most commonly discarded piece of waste worldwide. It is estimated that 1.69 billion pounds of butts wind up as toxic trash, which is roughly equivalent to the weight of 177,895 endangered African elephants.

Harms Equality

To find more customers, the tobacco industry markets its products aggressively to women and children.

Harms NCDs

People living with mental illness are nearly twice as likely to smoke as other persons.

Industry

The combined revenues of the world's 6 largest tobacco companies in 2013 was USD342 Billion, 97% larger than the Gross National Income of Nicaragua. The industry is a powerful force that does not fear the actions of nation-states because their resources are often much larger.

Market

Adult Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

17.2%of Men

Even though fewer men smoke on average in Nicaragua than on average in middle-income countries, still 342700 men still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

5.7%of Female

Even though fewer women smoke on average in Nicaragua than on average in middle-income countries, still 118400 women still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Children Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

6%of Boys

Even though fewer boys smoke on average in Nicaragua than on average in middle-income countries, still 19900 boys still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

1.7%of Girls

Even though fewer girls smoke on average in Nicaragua than on average in middle-income countries, still 5700 girls still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Smokeless% currently using tobacco, 2013 or most recent

n/a%of Adults

Because we do not know the prevalence of smokeless tobacco use in Nicaragua, future surveillance efforts must measure smokeless tobacco use prevalence in the population to help inform future tobacco control efforts.

Solutions

Tobacco control policy is an excellent investment in the health of a country's population. According to the WHO, for less than C$2.4 per person per year Nicaragua will be able to pay for the four 'best buys' in tobacco control policy, raising tobacco excise taxes, enforcing a comprehensive national smoke-free law and a ban on tobacco advertising and promotion, and mandating large graphic warning labels appear on tobacco product packaging. This small investment will reap enormous dividends in health and prosperity.

Current Policy in Nicaragua

Protect From Smoke

Smokefree HealthCare FacilitiesYes
Smokefree UniversitiesYes
Smokefree Government FacilitiesYes
Smokefree Indoor OfficesYes
Smokefree RestaurantsNo
Smokefree Pubs and BarsNo
Smokefree Public TransportYes
All Other Indoor Public Places SmokefreeN/A
Funds for Smokefree EnforcementYes

Offer Help

Quitting SolutionsNRT and/or some cessation services (neither cost-covered)
National QuitlineNo

Warn about the dangers to tobacco users on product packaging

Type of Warning Labels

Australia(best practice)

Graphic

Nicaragua

Text

Percent of Pack Covered

Australia(best practice)

82.5%

Nicaragua

50%

Graphic Warning Rounds

Australia(best practice)

2

Nicaragua

No Data

Has Plain/Standardized Packaging

Australia(best practice)

Yes

Nicaragua

No

Warn about the dangers to whole population in a media campaign

Ran a national anti-tobacco campaign during 2011 and 2012

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Nicaragua

No Data

Part Of A Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Nicaragua

N/A

Pre-Tested With The Target Audience

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Nicaragua

N/A

Target Audience Research Was Conducted

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Nicaragua

N/A

Aired On Television And/Or Radio

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Nicaragua

N/A

Utilized Media Planning

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Nicaragua

N/A

Earned Media/Public Relations Were Used To Promote The Campaign

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Nicaragua

N/A

Process Evaluation Was Used To Assess Implementation

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Nicaragua

N/A

Outcome Evaluation Was Used To Assess Effectiveness

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Nicaragua

N/A

Enforce bans on advertising

Number of Bans on Forms of Direct Advertising3 of a possible 7 bans
Number of Bans on Forms of Indirect Advertising0 of a possible 7 bans
Ad Ban Compliance PercentModerate% self-rated compliance

Raise Taxes

Excise Tax as a % of Cigarette Price

WHO Benchmark

75% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

Nicaragua

22.05% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

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