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Myanmar

Harm

Tobacco harms the health, the treasury, and the spirit of Myanmar. Every year more than 56400 of it's people are killed by tobacco-caused disease, while more than 152000 children and more than 7218000 adults continue to use tobacco each day. Complacency in the face of the tobacco epidemic will ensure the tobacco industry continues to run roughshod over the lives of Myanmar's citizens and ensure that tobacco's death toll will grow with each passing year. Tobacco control advocates must reach out to other communities to strengthen their efforts in this mortal fight.

Deaths

% caused by tobacco: 2010

13.2% of Men

More men die in Myanmar than on average in low-income countries.

12% of Women

More women die in Myanmar than on average in low-income countries.

Tobacco use also...

Harms Development

Harms Environment

Cigarette butts are the most commonly discarded piece of waste worldwide. It is estimated that 1.69 billion pounds of butts wind up as toxic trash, which is roughly equivalent to the weight of 177,895 endangered African elephants.

Harms Equality

To find more customers, the tobacco industry markets its products aggressively to women and children.

Harms NCDs

People living with mental illness are nearly twice as likely to smoke as other persons.

Industry

No Data

Market

Adult Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

30.6%of Men

More men smoke in Myanmar than on average in low-income countries.

6.5%of Female

More women smoke in Myanmar than on average in low-income countries.

Children Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

13%of Boys

More boys smoke in Myanmar than on average in low-income countries.

0.5%of Girls

Even though fewer girls smoke on average in Myanmar than on average in low-income countries, still 5600 girls still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Smokeless% currently using tobacco, 2013 or most recent

29.6%of Adults

More people use smokeless tobacco in Myanmar than on average in low-income countries.

Solutions

Tobacco control policy is an excellent investment in the health of a country's population. According to the WHO, for less than Ks 33 per person per year Myanmar will be able to pay for the four 'best buys' in tobacco control policy, raising tobacco excise taxes, enforcing a comprehensive national smoke-free law and a ban on tobacco advertising and promotion, and mandating large graphic warning labels appear on tobacco product packaging. This small investment will reap enormous dividends in health and prosperity.

Current Policy in Myanmar

Protect From Smoke

Smokefree HealthCare FacilitiesYes
Smokefree UniversitiesYes
Smokefree Government FacilitiesYes
Smokefree Indoor OfficesNo
Smokefree RestaurantsYes
Smokefree Pubs and BarsNo
Smokefree Public TransportNo
All Other Indoor Public Places SmokefreeN/A
Funds for Smokefree EnforcementNo

Offer Help

Quitting SolutionsNRT and/or some cessation services (neither cost-covered)
National QuitlineNo

Warn about the dangers to tobacco users on product packaging

Type of Warning Labels

Australia(best practice)

Graphic

Myanmar

Graphic

Percent of Pack Covered

Australia(best practice)

82.5%

Myanmar

75%

Graphic Warning Rounds

Australia(best practice)

2

Myanmar

No Data

Has Plain/Standardized Packaging

Australia(best practice)

Yes

Myanmar

No

Warn about the dangers to whole population in a media campaign

Ran a national anti-tobacco campaign during 2011 and 2012

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Myanmar

No Data

Part Of A Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Myanmar

N/A

Pre-Tested With The Target Audience

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Myanmar

N/A

Target Audience Research Was Conducted

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Myanmar

N/A

Aired On Television And/Or Radio

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Myanmar

N/A

Utilized Media Planning

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Myanmar

N/A

Earned Media/Public Relations Were Used To Promote The Campaign

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Myanmar

N/A

Process Evaluation Was Used To Assess Implementation

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Myanmar

N/A

Outcome Evaluation Was Used To Assess Effectiveness

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Myanmar

N/A

Enforce bans on advertising

Number of Bans on Forms of Direct Advertising6 of a possible 7 bans
Number of Bans on Forms of Indirect Advertising2 of a possible 7 bans
Ad Ban Compliance PercentModerate% self-rated compliance

Raise Taxes

Excise Tax as a % of Cigarette Price

WHO Benchmark

75% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

Myanmar

35.29% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

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