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Kazakhstan

Harm

Tobacco harms the health, the treasury, and the spirit of Kazakhstan. Every year more than 27700 of it's people are killed by tobacco-caused disease, while more than 45000 children and more than 2888000 adults continue to use tobacco each day. Complacency in the face of the tobacco epidemic will ensure the tobacco industry continues to run roughshod over the lives of Kazakhstan's citizens and ensure that tobacco's death toll will grow with each passing year. Tobacco control advocates must reach out to other communities to strengthen their efforts in this mortal fight.

Deaths

% caused by tobacco: 2010

23.6% of Men

More men die in Kazakhstan than on average in middle-income countries.

9.1% of Women

More women die in Kazakhstan than on average in middle-income countries.

Tobacco use also...

Harms Development

Buying tobacco robs families of the resources they need to rise out of poverty. A smoker in Kazakhstan would have to spend 1.9% the of national median income to purchase 10 of the cheapest cigarettes to smoke each day!

Harms Environment

Cigarette butts are the most commonly discarded piece of waste worldwide. It is estimated that 1.69 billion pounds of butts wind up as toxic trash, which is roughly equivalent to the weight of 177,895 endangered African elephants.

Harms Equality

To find more customers, the tobacco industry markets its products aggressively to women and children.

Harms NCDs

People living with mental illness are nearly twice as likely to smoke as other persons.

Industry

The combined revenues of the world's 6 largest tobacco companies in 2013 was USD342 Billion, 42% larger than the Gross National Income of Kazakhstan. The industry is a powerful force that does not fear the actions of nation-states because their resources are often much larger.

Market

Adult Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

43.1%of Men

More men smoke in Kazakhstan than on average in middle-income countries.

6.4%of Female

Even though fewer women smoke on average in Kazakhstan than on average in middle-income countries, still 414700 women still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Children Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

9.7%of Boys

More boys smoke in Kazakhstan than on average in middle-income countries.

6%of Girls

More girls smoke in Kazakhstan than on average in middle-income countries.

Smokeless% currently using tobacco, 2013 or most recent

3.4%of Adults

Even though fewer people use smokless tobacco on average in Kazakhstan than on average in middle-income countries, still 425700 people currently use smokeless tobacco, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Solutions

Tobacco control policy is an excellent investment in the health of a country's population. According to the WHO, for less than 51 ₸ per person per year Kazakhstan will be able to pay for the four 'best buys' in tobacco control policy, raising tobacco excise taxes, enforcing a comprehensive national smoke-free law and a ban on tobacco advertising and promotion, and mandating large graphic warning labels appear on tobacco product packaging. This small investment will reap enormous dividends in health and prosperity.

Current Policy in Kazakhstan

Protect From Smoke

Smokefree HealthCare FacilitiesYes
Smokefree UniversitiesYes
Smokefree Government FacilitiesYes
Smokefree Indoor OfficesYes
Smokefree RestaurantsNo
Smokefree Pubs and BarsYes
Smokefree Public TransportNo
All Other Indoor Public Places Smokefreen/a
Funds for Smokefree EnforcementNo

Offer Help

Quitting SolutionsNRT and/or some cessation services (at least one of which is cost-covered)
National QuitlineYes

Warn about the dangers to tobacco users on product packaging

Type of Warning Labels

Australia(best practice)

Graphic

Kazakhstan

Graphic

Percent of Pack Covered

Australia(best practice)

83%

Kazakhstan

40%

Graphic Warning Rounds

Australia(best practice)

2

Kazakhstan

1

Has Plain/Standardized Packaging

Australia(best practice)

Yes

Kazakhstan

No

Warn about the dangers to whole population in a media campaign

Ran a national anti-tobacco campaign during 2011 and 2012

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Kazakhstan

No

Part Of A Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Kazakhstan

N/A

Pre-Tested With The Target Audience

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Kazakhstan

N/A

Target Audience Research Was Conducted

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Kazakhstan

N/A

Aired On Television And/Or Radio

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Kazakhstan

N/A

Utilized Media Planning

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Kazakhstan

N/A

Earned Media/Public Relations Were Used To Promote The Campaign

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Kazakhstan

N/A

Process Evaluation Was Used To Assess Implementation

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Kazakhstan

N/A

Outcome Evaluation Was Used To Assess Effectiveness

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Kazakhstan

N/A

Enforce bans on advertising

Number of Bans on Forms of Direct Advertising1 of a possible 7 bans
Number of Bans on Forms of Indirect Advertising7 of a possible 7 bans
Ad Ban Compliance Percent20% self-rated compliance

Raise Taxes

Excise Tax as a % of Cigarette Price

WHO Benchmark

75% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

Kazakhstan

19% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

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