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Country Fact Sheet

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Jamaica

Harm

Tobacco harms the health, the treasury, and the spirit of Jamaica. Every year more than 1400 of it's people are killed by tobacco-caused disease, while more than 24000 children and more than 306000 adults continue to use tobacco each day. Complacency in the face of the tobacco epidemic will ensure the tobacco industry continues to run roughshod over the lives of Jamaica's citizens and ensure that tobacco's death toll will grow with each passing year. Tobacco control advocates must reach out to other communities to strengthen their efforts in this mortal fight.

Deaths

% caused by tobacco: 2010

13% of Men

Even though fewer men die on average in Jamaica than other middle-income countries, still 21 men are being killed by tobacco every week, necessitating action from policymakers.

4.4% of Women

Even though fewer women die on average in Jamaica than other middle-income countries, still 7 women are being killed by tobacco every week, necessitating action from policymakers.

Tobacco use also...

Harms Development

Harms Environment

Cigarette butts are the most commonly discarded piece of waste worldwide. It is estimated that 1.69 billion pounds of butts wind up as toxic trash, which is roughly equivalent to the weight of 177,895 endangered African elephants.

Harms Equality

To find more customers, the tobacco industry markets its products aggressively to women and children.

Harms NCDs

People living with mental illness are nearly twice as likely to smoke as other persons.

Industry

The combined revenues of the world's 6 largest tobacco companies in 2013 was USD342 Billion, 96% larger than the Gross National Income of Jamaica. The industry is a powerful force that does not fear the actions of nation-states because their resources are often much larger.

Market

Adult Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

26.9%of Men

Even though fewer men smoke on average in Jamaica than on average in middle-income countries, still 265800 men still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

3.9%of Female

Even though fewer women smoke on average in Jamaica than on average in middle-income countries, still 40700 women still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Children Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

21.5%of Boys

More boys smoke in Jamaica than on average in middle-income countries.

14.3%of Girls

More girls smoke in Jamaica than on average in middle-income countries.

Smokeless% currently using tobacco, 2013 or most recent

n/a%of Adults

Because we do not know the prevalence of smokeless tobacco use in Jamaica, future surveillance efforts must measure smokeless tobacco use prevalence in the population to help inform future tobacco control efforts.

Solutions

Current Policy in Jamaica

Protect From Smoke

Smokefree HealthCare FacilitiesYes
Smokefree UniversitiesYes
Smokefree Government FacilitiesYes
Smokefree Indoor OfficesYes
Smokefree RestaurantsYes
Smokefree Pubs and BarsYes
Smokefree Public TransportYes
All Other Indoor Public Places SmokefreeYes
Funds for Smokefree EnforcementNo

Offer Help

Quitting SolutionsNRT and/or some cessation services (at least one of which is cost-covered)
National QuitlineYes

Warn about the dangers to tobacco users on product packaging

Type of Warning Labels

Australia(best practice)

Graphic

Jamaica

Graphic

Percent of Pack Covered

Australia(best practice)

82.5%

Jamaica

60%

Graphic Warning Rounds

Australia(best practice)

2

Jamaica

1

Has Plain/Standardized Packaging

Australia(best practice)

Yes

Jamaica

No

Warn about the dangers to whole population in a media campaign

Ran a national anti-tobacco campaign during 2011 and 2012

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Jamaica

No Data

Part Of A Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Jamaica

N/A

Pre-Tested With The Target Audience

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Jamaica

N/A

Target Audience Research Was Conducted

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Jamaica

N/A

Aired On Television And/Or Radio

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Jamaica

N/A

Utilized Media Planning

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Jamaica

N/A

Earned Media/Public Relations Were Used To Promote The Campaign

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Jamaica

N/A

Process Evaluation Was Used To Assess Implementation

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Jamaica

N/A

Outcome Evaluation Was Used To Assess Effectiveness

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Jamaica

N/A

Enforce bans on advertising

Number of Bans on Forms of Direct Advertising1 of a possible 7 bans
Number of Bans on Forms of Indirect Advertising1 of a possible 7 bans
Ad Ban Compliance PercentModerate% self-rated compliance

Raise Taxes

Excise Tax as a % of Cigarette Price

WHO Benchmark

75% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

Jamaica

28.27% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

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