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Haiti

Harm

Tobacco harms the health, the treasury, and the spirit of Haiti. Every year more than 4900 of it's people are killed by tobacco-caused disease, while more than 80000 children and more than 542000 adults continue to use tobacco each day. Complacency in the face of the tobacco epidemic will ensure the tobacco industry continues to run roughshod over the lives of Haiti's citizens and ensure that tobacco's death toll will grow with each passing year. Tobacco control advocates must reach out to other communities to strengthen their efforts in this mortal fight.

Deaths

% caused by tobacco: 2010

1.9% of Men

Even though fewer men die on average in Haiti than other low-income countries, still 53 men are being killed by tobacco every week, necessitating action from policymakers.

2.3% of Women

Even though fewer women die on average in Haiti than other low-income countries, still 41 women are being killed by tobacco every week, necessitating action from policymakers.

Tobacco use also...

Harms Development

Buying tobacco robs families of the resources they need to rise out of poverty. A smoker in Haiti would have to spend 6.3% the of national median income to purchase 10 of the cheapest cigarettes to smoke each day!

Harms Environment

Cigarette butts are the most commonly discarded piece of waste worldwide. It is estimated that 1.69 billion pounds of butts wind up as toxic trash, which is roughly equivalent to the weight of 177,895 endangered African elephants.

Harms Equality

To find more customers, the tobacco industry markets its products aggressively to women and children.

Harms NCDs

People living with mental illness are nearly twice as likely to smoke as other persons.

Industry

The combined revenues of the world's 6 largest tobacco companies in 2013 was USD342 Billion, 98% larger than the Gross National Income of Haiti. The industry is a powerful force that does not fear the actions of nation-states because their resources are often much larger.

Market

Adult Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

13.1%of Men

Even though fewer men smoke on average in Haiti than on average in low-income countries, still 426300 men still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

3.4%of Female

More women smoke in Haiti than on average in low-income countries.

Children Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

14.1%of Boys

More boys smoke in Haiti than on average in low-income countries.

13.8%of Girls

More girls smoke in Haiti than on average in low-income countries.

Smokeless% currently using tobacco, 2013 or most recent

3.5%of Adults

Even though fewer people use smokless tobacco on average in Haiti than on average in low-income countries, still 230000 people currently use smokeless tobacco, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Solutions

Tobacco control policy is an excellent investment in the health of a country's population. According to the WHO, for less than G3.2 per person per year Haiti will be able to pay for the four 'best buys' in tobacco control policy, raising tobacco excise taxes, enforcing a comprehensive national smoke-free law and a ban on tobacco advertising and promotion, and mandating large graphic warning labels appear on tobacco product packaging. This small investment will reap enormous dividends in health and prosperity.

Current Policy in Haiti

Protect From Smoke

Smokefree HealthCare FacilitiesNo
Smokefree UniversitiesNo
Smokefree Government FacilitiesNo
Smokefree Indoor OfficesNo
Smokefree RestaurantsNo
Smokefree Pubs and BarsNo
Smokefree Public TransportNo
All Other Indoor Public Places Smokefreen/a
Funds for Smokefree EnforcementNo

Offer Help

Quitting SolutionsNRT and/or some cessation services (neither cost-covered)
National QuitlineYes

Warn about the dangers to tobacco users on product packaging

Type of Warning Labels

Australia(best practice)

Graphic

Haiti

None

Percent of Pack Covered

Australia(best practice)

83%

Haiti

No Data%

Graphic Warning Rounds

Australia(best practice)

2

Haiti

No Data

Has Plain/Standardized Packaging

Australia(best practice)

Yes

Haiti

No

Warn about the dangers to whole population in a media campaign

Ran a national anti-tobacco campaign during 2011 and 2012

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Haiti

No

Part Of A Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Haiti

N/A

Pre-Tested With The Target Audience

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Haiti

N/A

Target Audience Research Was Conducted

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Haiti

N/A

Aired On Television And/Or Radio

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Haiti

N/A

Utilized Media Planning

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Haiti

N/A

Earned Media/Public Relations Were Used To Promote The Campaign

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Haiti

N/A

Process Evaluation Was Used To Assess Implementation

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Haiti

N/A

Outcome Evaluation Was Used To Assess Effectiveness

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Haiti

N/A

Enforce bans on advertising

Number of Bans on Forms of Direct Advertising0 of a possible 7 bans
Number of Bans on Forms of Indirect Advertisingn/a of a possible 7 bans
Ad Ban Compliance Percent0% self-rated compliance

Raise Taxes

Excise Tax as a % of Cigarette Price

WHO Benchmark

75% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

Haiti

0% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

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