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FYR Macedonia

Harm

Tobacco harms the health, the treasury, and the spirit of FYR Macedonia. Every year more than 4200 of it's people are killed by tobacco-caused disease, while more than 5000 children and more than 642000 adults continue to use tobacco each day. Complacency in the face of the tobacco epidemic will ensure the tobacco industry continues to run roughshod over the lives of FYR Macedonia's citizens and ensure that tobacco's death toll will grow with each passing year. Tobacco control advocates must reach out to other communities to strengthen their efforts in this mortal fight.

Deaths

% caused by tobacco: 2010

29% of Men

More men die in FYR Macedonia than on average in middle-income countries.

15.4% of Women

More women die in FYR Macedonia than on average in middle-income countries.

Tobacco use also...

Harms Development

Buying tobacco robs families of the resources they need to rise out of poverty. A smoker in FYR Macedonia would have to spend 3.8% the of national median income to purchase 10 of the cheapest cigarettes to smoke each day!

Harms Environment

Cigarette butts are the most commonly discarded piece of waste worldwide. It is estimated that 1.69 billion pounds of butts wind up as toxic trash, which is roughly equivalent to the weight of 177,895 endangered African elephants.

Harms Equality

To find more customers, the tobacco industry markets its products aggressively to women and children.

Harms NCDs

People living with mental illness are nearly twice as likely to smoke as other persons.

Industry

The combined revenues of the world's 6 largest tobacco companies in 2013 was USD342 Billion, 97% larger than the Gross National Income of FYR Macedonia. The industry is a powerful force that does not fear the actions of nation-states because their resources are often much larger.

Market

Adult Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

46.6%of Men

More men smoke in FYR Macedonia than on average in middle-income countries.

26.8%of Female

More women smoke in FYR Macedonia than on average in middle-income countries.

Children Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

9%of Boys

More boys smoke in FYR Macedonia than on average in middle-income countries.

7%of Girls

More girls smoke in FYR Macedonia than on average in middle-income countries.

Smokeless% currently using tobacco, 2013 or most recent

n/a%of Adults

Because we do not know the prevalence of smokeless tobacco use in FYR Macedonia, future surveillance efforts must measure smokeless tobacco use prevalence in the population to help inform future tobacco control efforts.

Solutions

Current Policy in FYR Macedonia

Protect From Smoke

Smokefree HealthCare FacilitiesYes
Smokefree UniversitiesYes
Smokefree Government FacilitiesYes
Smokefree Indoor OfficesNo
Smokefree RestaurantsYes
Smokefree Pubs and BarsYes
Smokefree Public TransportYes
All Other Indoor Public Places Smokefreen/a
Funds for Smokefree EnforcementNo

Offer Help

Quitting SolutionsNRT and/or some cessation services (neither cost-covered)
National QuitlineNo

Warn about the dangers to tobacco users on product packaging

Type of Warning Labels

Australia(best practice)

Graphic

FYR Macedonia

Graphic

Percent of Pack Covered

Australia(best practice)

83%

FYR Macedonia

35%

Graphic Warning Rounds

Australia(best practice)

2

FYR Macedonia

No Data

Has Plain/Standardized Packaging

Australia(best practice)

Yes

FYR Macedonia

No

Warn about the dangers to whole population in a media campaign

Ran a national anti-tobacco campaign during 2011 and 2012

WHO Best Practice

Yes

FYR Macedonia

No

Part Of A Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program

WHO Best Practice

Yes

FYR Macedonia

N/A

Pre-Tested With The Target Audience

WHO Best Practice

Yes

FYR Macedonia

N/A

Target Audience Research Was Conducted

WHO Best Practice

Yes

FYR Macedonia

N/A

Aired On Television And/Or Radio

WHO Best Practice

Yes

FYR Macedonia

N/A

Utilized Media Planning

WHO Best Practice

Yes

FYR Macedonia

N/A

Earned Media/Public Relations Were Used To Promote The Campaign

WHO Best Practice

Yes

FYR Macedonia

N/A

Process Evaluation Was Used To Assess Implementation

WHO Best Practice

Yes

FYR Macedonia

N/A

Outcome Evaluation Was Used To Assess Effectiveness

WHO Best Practice

Yes

FYR Macedonia

N/A

Enforce bans on advertising

Number of Bans on Forms of Direct Advertising0 of a possible 7 bans
Number of Bans on Forms of Indirect Advertising7 of a possible 7 bans
Ad Ban Compliance Percent40% self-rated compliance

Raise Taxes

Excise Tax as a % of Cigarette Price

WHO Benchmark

75% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

FYR Macedonia

56% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

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