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Country Fact Sheet

Eritrea

Harm

Tobacco harms the health, the treasury, and the spirit of Eritrea. Every year more than 700 of it's people are killed by tobacco-caused disease, while more than 4000 children and more than 209000 adults continue to use tobacco each day. Complacency in the face of the tobacco epidemic will ensure the tobacco industry continues to run roughshod over the lives of Eritrea's citizens and ensure that tobacco's death toll will grow with each passing year. Tobacco control advocates must reach out to other communities to strengthen their efforts in this mortal fight.

Deaths

% caused by tobacco: 2010

2.4% of Men

Even though fewer men die on average in Eritrea than other low-income countries, still 10 men are being killed by tobacco every week, necessitating action from policymakers.

1% of Women

Even though fewer women die on average in Eritrea than other low-income countries, still 4 women are being killed by tobacco every week, necessitating action from policymakers.

Tobacco use also...

Harms Development

Harms Environment

Cigarette butts are the most commonly discarded piece of waste worldwide. It is estimated that 1.69 billion pounds of butts wind up as toxic trash, which is roughly equivalent to the weight of 177,895 endangered African elephants.

Harms Equality

To find more customers, the tobacco industry markets its products aggressively to women and children.

Harms NCDs

People living with mental illness are nearly twice as likely to smoke as other persons.

Industry

The combined revenues of the world's 6 largest tobacco companies in 2013 was USD342 Billion, 99% larger than the Gross National Income of Eritrea. The industry is a powerful force that does not fear the actions of nation-states because their resources are often much larger.

Market

Adult Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

11.3%of Men

Even though fewer men smoke on average in Eritrea than on average in low-income countries, still 199600 men still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

0.6%of Female

Even though fewer women smoke on average in Eritrea than on average in low-income countries, still 10200 women still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Children Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

2%of Boys

Even though fewer boys smoke on average in Eritrea than on average in low-income countries, still 3800 boys still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

0.6%of Girls

Even though fewer girls smoke on average in Eritrea than on average in low-income countries, still 1100 girls still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Smokeless% currently using tobacco, 2013 or most recent

2.9%of Adults

Even though fewer people use smokless tobacco on average in Eritrea than on average in low-income countries, still 101200 people currently use smokeless tobacco, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Solutions

Tobacco control policy is an excellent investment in the health of a country's population. According to the WHO, for less than Nfk1.4 per person per year Eritrea will be able to pay for the four 'best buys' in tobacco control policy, raising tobacco excise taxes, enforcing a comprehensive national smoke-free law and a ban on tobacco advertising and promotion, and mandating large graphic warning labels appear on tobacco product packaging. This small investment will reap enormous dividends in health and prosperity.

Current Policy in Eritrea

Protect From Smoke

Smokefree HealthCare FacilitiesNo
Smokefree UniversitiesNo
Smokefree Government FacilitiesNo
Smokefree Indoor OfficesNo
Smokefree RestaurantsNo
Smokefree Pubs and BarsNo
Smokefree Public TransportNo
All Other Indoor Public Places SmokefreeN/A
Funds for Smokefree EnforcementNo

Offer Help

Quitting SolutionsNone
National QuitlineNo

Warn about the dangers to tobacco users on product packaging

Type of Warning Labels

Australia(best practice)

Graphic

Eritrea

Text

Percent of Pack Covered

Australia(best practice)

82.5%

Eritrea

30%

Graphic Warning Rounds

Australia(best practice)

2

Eritrea

No Data

Has Plain/Standardized Packaging

Australia(best practice)

Yes

Eritrea

No

Warn about the dangers to whole population in a media campaign

Ran a national anti-tobacco campaign during 2011 and 2012

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Eritrea

No Data

Part Of A Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Eritrea

N/A

Pre-Tested With The Target Audience

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Eritrea

N/A

Target Audience Research Was Conducted

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Eritrea

N/A

Aired On Television And/Or Radio

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Eritrea

N/A

Utilized Media Planning

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Eritrea

N/A

Earned Media/Public Relations Were Used To Promote The Campaign

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Eritrea

N/A

Process Evaluation Was Used To Assess Implementation

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Eritrea

N/A

Outcome Evaluation Was Used To Assess Effectiveness

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Eritrea

N/A

Enforce bans on advertising

Number of Bans on Forms of Direct Advertising7 of a possible 7 bans
Number of Bans on Forms of Indirect Advertising5 of a possible 7 bans
Ad Ban Compliance PercentHigh% self-rated compliance

Raise Taxes

Excise Tax as a % of Cigarette Price

WHO Benchmark

75% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

Eritrea

44.64% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

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