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Country Fact Sheet

Cape Verde

Harm

Tobacco harms the health, the treasury, and the spirit of Cape Verde. Every year more than 70 of it's people are killed by tobacco-caused disease, while more than 900 children and more than 26000 adults continue to use tobacco each day. Complacency in the face of the tobacco epidemic will ensure the tobacco industry continues to run roughshod over the lives of Cape Verde's citizens and ensure that tobacco's death toll will grow with each passing year. Tobacco control advocates must reach out to other communities to strengthen their efforts in this mortal fight.

Deaths

% caused by tobacco: 2010

5.4% of Men

Even though fewer men die on average in Cape Verde than other middle-income countries, still 1 men are being killed by tobacco every week, necessitating action from policymakers.

2.4% of Women

Even though fewer women die on average in Cape Verde than other middle-income countries, still 0.4 women are being killed by tobacco every week, necessitating action from policymakers.

Tobacco use also...

Harms Development

Harms Environment

Cigarette butts are the most commonly discarded piece of waste worldwide. It is estimated that 1.69 billion pounds of butts wind up as toxic trash, which is roughly equivalent to the weight of 177,895 endangered African elephants.

Harms Equality

To find more customers, the tobacco industry markets its products aggressively to women and children.

Harms NCDs

People living with mental illness are nearly twice as likely to smoke as other persons.

Industry

The combined revenues of the world's 6 largest tobacco companies in 2013 was USD342 Billion, 99% larger than the Gross National Income of Cape Verde. The industry is a powerful force that does not fear the actions of nation-states because their resources are often much larger.

Market

Adult Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

11.6%of Men

Even though fewer men smoke on average in Cape Verde than on average in middle-income countries, still 20300 men still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

3.2%of Female

Even though fewer women smoke on average in Cape Verde than on average in middle-income countries, still 5700 women still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Children Smoking % using tobacco daily, 2013

3.7%of Boys

Even though fewer boys smoke on average in Cape Verde than on average in middle-income countries, still 500 boys still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

3.1%of Girls

Even though fewer girls smoke on average in Cape Verde than on average in middle-income countries, still 400 girls still smoke cigarettes each day, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Smokeless% currently using tobacco, 2013 or most recent

4.6%of Adults

Even though fewer people use smokless tobacco on average in Cape Verde than on average in middle-income countries, still 15900 people currently use smokeless tobacco, the sign of an ongoing and dire public health threat.

Solutions

Current Policy in Cape Verde

Protect From Smoke

Smokefree HealthCare FacilitiesNo
Smokefree UniversitiesNo
Smokefree Government FacilitiesNo
Smokefree Indoor OfficesNo
Smokefree RestaurantsNo
Smokefree Pubs and BarsNo
Smokefree Public TransportYes
All Other Indoor Public Places Smokefreen/a
Funds for Smokefree EnforcementYes

Offer Help

Quitting SolutionsNRT and/or some cessation services (at least one of which is cost-covered)
National QuitlineNo

Warn about the dangers to tobacco users on product packaging

Type of Warning Labels

Australia(best practice)

Graphic

Cape Verde

None

Percent of Pack Covered

Australia(best practice)

83%

Cape Verde

No Data%

Graphic Warning Rounds

Australia(best practice)

2

Cape Verde

No Data

Has Plain/Standardized Packaging

Australia(best practice)

Yes

Cape Verde

No

Warn about the dangers to whole population in a media campaign

Ran a national anti-tobacco campaign during 2011 and 2012

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Cape Verde

No

Part Of A Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Cape Verde

N/A

Pre-Tested With The Target Audience

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Cape Verde

N/A

Target Audience Research Was Conducted

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Cape Verde

N/A

Aired On Television And/Or Radio

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Cape Verde

N/A

Utilized Media Planning

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Cape Verde

N/A

Earned Media/Public Relations Were Used To Promote The Campaign

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Cape Verde

N/A

Process Evaluation Was Used To Assess Implementation

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Cape Verde

N/A

Outcome Evaluation Was Used To Assess Effectiveness

WHO Best Practice

Yes

Cape Verde

N/A

Enforce bans on advertising

Number of Bans on Forms of Direct Advertising1 of a possible 7 bans
Number of Bans on Forms of Indirect Advertising0 of a possible 7 bans
Ad Ban Compliance Percent0% self-rated compliance

Raise Taxes

Excise Tax as a % of Cigarette Price

WHO Benchmark

75% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

Cape Verde

14% of Retail Price is Excise Tax

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